LATEST NEWS 29-5-2013: Fabio Polenghi fatally shot by military, inquest finds

The Southern Bangkok Criminal Court on Wednesday ruled that Italian journalist Fabio Polenghi was killed by a bullet fired by the security forces during the May 19, 2010 dispersal of the red-shirt protestors. The court said he was hit and killed by a .223 calibre high velocity bullet while he was running away from Ratchadamri road towards Ratchaprasong intersection. The fatal bullet was identified by retired police forensic scientist Amporn Jaruchinda. The only group that had been identified as being in that area at the time was the King's Guard Second Battalion, which was beginning the dispersal of protesters, moving from Sala Daeng towards Ratchaprasong, the court said. It therefore concluded that the authorities were responsible for the Italian journalist’s death, although the person who fired the gun could not be identified. Source: Bangkok Post

Sister of Italian journalist slain in 2010 seeks truth, not revenge 15-3-2013

witness to the death of Italian photojournalist 'Bullets came from military side' May 29 ruling in journalist's death "Shots were fired from the direction of the military on May 19, 2010 as red shirts were being dispersed, German journalist Michel Maas told Criminal Court judges on Friday, taking the stand as the last witness in the case of the death of Italian photojournalist Fabio Polenghi." "Bullets came from the direction of the military," Maas, who is based in Jakarta, Indonesia, and works for NOS Radio & Televisi, told the judges. Maas was on site on May 19 nearly three years ago as the army moved in and he told the court that he was also shot in the back as he tried to flee. He said he didn't know Polenghi and only learnt about his death while he was hospitalised at Police Hospital for his own bullet wound."

31-1-2013: Journo shot from Sala Daeng

7-12-2012: THE BANGKOK POST Inquest told soldiers fired shot that killed Polenghi • Published: 7/12/2012 at 02:52 PM • Online news: Local News Three witnesses told the Southern Bangkok Criminal Court on Friday they believed that Italian photo-journalist Fabio Polenghi died from shots fired by the military during the Abhisit Vejjajiva administration's crackdown of the violent red-shirt protests in 2010. Two other witnesses have already testified, on Oct 10, at the inquest into the death of 48-year-old Polenghi, who was killed by a high-velocity bullet on May 19, 2010. There are another 32 witnesses still to appear for the state and eight others listed by the lawyer for the dead man's relatives. Bradley Cox, 56, an American freelance documentary film maker, told the judges that Polenghi was shot about 10.58am on May 19, and that the bullet came from the direction of Lumpini and Sala Daeng. "We were moving and hiding along Ratchadamri road and heard gun shots from the direction of the tents located near the Sala Daeng side," Mr Cox said. "There was some commotion behind me which was in the direction of the Ratchaprasong side, so I and some people ran towards that direction. However, I was shot on the back of my right leg while running, so I turned back to see where the shots came from. Then I saw Fabio had falled down already on the street," said Mr Cox. He said that initially he and some other people, including American and Japanese freelancers, were gathering and hiding near the barricades installed by the red-shirt protesters in front of the Sarasin-Ratchadamri junction. He could see the military moving on two sides of Ratchadamri street, near the tents, some 80 metres from where he was. "I saw different soldiers moving around six times, each of around five to six men. Inside the (red-shirt) tents, there were a dozen of them too. But I believe there were more than that," Mr Cox said. He told the court that he did not see or hear any single gunshot from where the red-shirt protesters were, but clearly heard shots from the Lumpini and Sala Daeng sides, where military were zeroing in. "I turned on my video (camera) when I saw Fabio on the street. I saw some people trying to help him and a man who many believed was taking Fabio's camera away too. I was surprised that he and I got shot, since we were already running far away from the army. "Although I could not prove or identify who shoot Fabio or me, I'm 100% certain that it was the army," said Mr Cox. In response to questions by the lawyer for the relatives, Mr Cox said he did not think the men-in-black were involved in Polenghi's death. "Of course, some of the red-shirt protesters wore other colours, including black and dark colors, but I did not see them carrying any weapons," he said. Udon Wannasing, 48, a taxi driver from Roi Et province, said he saw how Polenghi was shot. "I think the soldiers were trying to shoot me as they were chasing the remaining red-shirts from the areas in front of Lumpini Park and Ratchadamri road from Sala Daeng side," said Mr Udon, who was a key witness in other inquests into the deaths of four people (including a Japanese Reuters cameraman) during the April 10 incident and three people inside Wat Pathumwanaram. Mr Udon said when he fell down on the street near the Sarasin-Ratchadamri junction, he looked up and saw Polenghi was taking photos. When the gunshots came nearer, he ran away towards Ratchaprasong and that moment the Italian was shot down. Taxi motorcyclist Kwanchai Sowapas, 38, from Bang Yi Ruea, said he took Polenghi from Ratchaprasong intersection to the Ratchadamri-Sarasin junction area less than an hour before he ws killed. "I did not take him close to the barricades. He got off at a U-turn in front of the Bangkok Cable building. I returned to the Ratchaprasong area to get a Vietnamese reporter and dropped him off at the same place," said Mr Kwanchai, who has moved back to his native town in Roi Et's At Samart district, saying he feared for his safety. Mr Kwanchai said he was watching events unfold from the outside the horse racing track, watching out for the Vietnamese journalist and his colleague, when there were more gunshots. "I heard several gunshots when I was hiding near the racecourse tents and behind the tanks of ice, and I saw Fabio taking photos. While he was turning around towards the Ratchaprasong direction on my side he was shot," said Mr Kwanchai. He told the court that it was army soldiers who shot Polenghi, because he saw them on that side, some 70 metres away from him and some 30 to 40 metres from the Italian photo-journalist. Outside the court, he told the Bangkok Post that Polenghi was a kind person; "When I gave him a 10-baht coin as change in return for a 20-baht banknote for each ride, he told me to keep it. I saw him from time to time during the time of the protests, but never thought he would get killed." Mr Kwanchai said he would like to see justice for those who were killed and their families. "At the least, there should be apologies from the prime minister at the time (Abhisit Vejjajiva) and his deputy (Suthep Thaugsuban)," said Mr Kwanchai. BANGKOK POST

27-12-2012: Shot that killed Italian came from area where troops deployed: witness The Nation December 27, 2012 7:43 am The Criminal Court yesterday heard a witness testify that the gunshot that killed Italian photographer Fabio Polenghi came from where the security forces were deployed during the 2010 political mayhem. Speaking from the witness stand in the inquest into Polenghi's death, PBS Channel news-crew member Makid Khamnan said he was on assignment to cover the May 19 crowd-control operation at Rajdamri Road. He said he heard the sound of gunfire, prompting him to run behind Polenghi to the scene and investigate. He said he videotaped the unfolding incident, including the fall of Polenghi after gunshots were fired from the area occupied by security forces. The prosecution had submitted his videotape as evidence. The next hearing is scheduled for January 25. The court is expected to conclude the inquest by the middle of next year. The victim's sister Elisabetta Polenghi said she expected justice to prevail. She voiced her confidence in the Thai judiciary, saying the courts had ruled in the four previous inquests that victims were killed by gunshots fired from the soldiers. THE NATION

14-6-2012: The latest video-update transmitted by the Italian television: Intervista a Elisabetta Polenghi e Robert Amsterdam" Interview with Elizabeth Polenghi and Robert Amsterdam Da Rai News. A due anni dall'uccisione del reporter milanese Fabio Polenghi, nella repressione militare delle proteste delle "camicie rosse" a Bangkok, sua sorella Elisabetta continua nella sua lotta per la verità ed è riuscita ad ottenere l'insperato: un processo. Rai News. Two years after th
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