In traditional Ayurvedic
medicine, it has been used for centuries as a memory enhancer, nootropic, antistress, anxiolytic, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, tranquilizing and sedative agent.
In Southeast Asia the flowers are used to colour food. In Malay cooking, an aqueous extract is used to colour glutinous rice for kuih ketan
(also known as pulut tai tai
/Nyonya cooking) and in nyonya chang
. In Kelantan
it is used to colour white rice for Nasi Kerabu
. In Thailand, a syrupy blue drink is made called nam dok anchan
(น้ำดอกอัญชัน), it is sometimes consumed with a drop of sweet lime juice to increase acidity and turn the juice into pink-purple. In Burmese
and Thai cuisine
the flowers are also dipped in batter and fried.
In animal tests the methanolic extract
of Clitoria ternatea
roots demonstrated nootropic
and antistress activity.
The active constituents include tannins, resins, starch, taraxerol and taraxerone.
Recently, several biologically active peptides called cliotides have been isolated from the heat-stable fraction of Clitoria ternatea
extract. Cliotides belong to the cyclotides
family and activities studies show that cliotides display potent antimicrobial activity against E. coli, K. pneumonia, P. aeruginosa
and cytotoxicity against Hela cells. These peptides have potential to be lead compound for the development of novel antimicrobial and anti-cancer agents.
In traditional medicine: Owing to its similarity to a human body part, this plant has been ascribed properties affecting the same (a phenomenon also found in connection with the mandrake
, among other plants). It was used traditionally in an attempt to treat sexual ailments, like infertility and gonorrhea, to control menstrual discharge, and also as an aphrodisiac
. This practice aligns with an ancient belief recorded in the Doctrine of Signatures
Keywords:CLITORIA TERNATEA, antoni uni, flora, nature, plant, thailand, vine
© Antoni Uni, el primero UniCo de l'Escala 2018