Antoni Uni, el primero UniCo de l'Escala | TITHONIA DIVERSIFOLIA, DOK BUA TONG
Created 7-Jan-14
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T. diversifolia can be distributed as for biomass green fertilizer. Since this fertilizer requires high labour, it is recommended for use with high value crops such as tomato, kale, carrot, and maize. First, the plant is grown in hedges around the edges of harvest land. It is important though to keep the maximum amount of growing area a farmer has. The green stems (not the woody stems), leaves, and flowers can be removed from the plant at a farmer selected time, though it is recommended that cutting every 5 months will give a plentiful amount of nutrients in the biomass. Biomass refers to when a plants’ foliage is planted into the soil as a dry fertilizer. The biomass can also be used as a mulch and can be left on top of the soil to decompose into the ground. It has been found that the biomass from T. diversifolia breaks down rapidly and releases nutrients quickly. When applying the mulch or biomass to the soil, it should be applied at the minimum amount of one ton to every hectare of land. However, the best yield is given when 5 tons/hectare is applied. The downside here is that a lot of foliage is needed to cover a small area of land because it has a high water content. Mixing this biomass with a synthetic fertilizer will bring higher yields. A study found that when applying tithonia with triple superphosphate (TSP) that the yields increased by 220% compared to a control test containing only an inorganic nitrogen fertilizer (Urea). When using T. diversifolia it should be supplemented with a Mg fertilizer as this nutrient is lacking in quantity when compared to other green fertilizers.


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Keywords:DOK BUA TONG, TITHONIA DIVERSIFOLIA, antoni uni, flowers, nature, plant, thailand, tree marigold